Tuesday, January 22nd, 2019...2:23 pm

January 18/22

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  1. Notes to improve writing

Notes on Fragments, Run-on Sentences, and Comma-splices


A sentence fragment is missing a subject, a verb, or a complete thought.


A run-on sentence contains two or more clauses with missing or incorrectly used punctuation:


Example: People are excited about the new show and it seems great.


There should be punctuation after the word “show.” There are several ways to fix this problem:


  1. Add a comma before the conjunction:
  1. People are excited about the new show, and it seems great.
  1. Use a semicolon without a conjunction:
  • . People are excited about the new show; it seems great.
  1. Use a semicolon and a conjunctive adverb with a comma (accordingly, also, besides, furthermore, however, instead, likewise, moreover, otherwise, still, therefore).
  • . People are excited about the new show; moreover, it seems great.
  1. Break the clauses into two sentences:
  • . People are excited about the new show. It seems great.


A comma-splice is a sentence with two or more clauses which have been fused together with a comma.


Example: People are excited about the new show, it seems great.


A comma-splice may be fixed by using one of the four solutions for a run-on sentence.


Formal Voice Notes

  1. Write complete sentences.
  2. Avoid the use of personal pronouns (I, me, you, he, she, they)

You may use “I” and “me” if you are talking about your personal

experiences, but you should NEVER write “I think that …” or “

in my opinion” because the readers already know you think it

and it sounds weaker.

  1. Do not use “you.” Instead of “you”, write “one”, “people”, “readers”

or “I” when writing about yourself!

  1. DO NOT use contractions (write “there is” instead of “there’s)

These are some words you may not know are slang: mom, dad,

kid, stuff, things, guys, yeah, kinda, tv, fridge, hanging out.

  1. NEVER use the words “get, got, gotten, really, very, hopefully,

definitely, or actually.”

  1. Avoid double negatives like “I don’t have no money!”
  2. The word “so” does not mean “very.” Do not write, “I am so

hungry!” Instead, write, “I am starving” or “I am famished.”

  1. Write out numbers that have three or fewer syllables. Write “ninety-

nine” instead of 99.


  1. Comparison/Contrast Essay – Quiz grade – You will write a second rough draft of the comparison and contrast essay based on the notes and the feedback I have provided.


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