Tuesday, November 13th, 2018...12:47 pm

November 9-13

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  1. Subjects, Verbs, and Complements
    1. Subjects
      1. Find the verb, and then ask “who” or “what” before the verb.
      2. The subject is NEVER in a prepositional phrase.
        1. Ex/ Many of the students were surprised!
          1. The subject is many.
        2. “You” is sometimes the understood subject.
          1. Ex/ Take out the trash!
          2. The subject is “You”
        3. The words “here” or “there” are never the subject of a sentence.
          1. Ex/ There are many flowers in the yard.
          2. The subject is flowers.
    2. Verbs
        1. Action verbs show physical or mental actions.
        2. Linking verbs link a subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject.
        3. Transitive verbs have objects.
          1. All transitive verbs are action verbs; not all action verbs are transitive!
        4. Intransitive verbs have no objects.
          1. Linking verbs are always intransitive.
        5. Common helping verbs are forms of to be, to do, to have, and modals like may, might, must, and should.
    3. Complements complete the meaning of action or linking verbs. They answer “who” or “what” after the verb.
      1. Action Verbs may have direct and indirect objects.
        1. The indirect object will always appear between the verb and the direct object.
          1. Ex/ I gave her some money.
          2. I threw him the ball.
        2. A direct object (DO) answers “who” or “what” after the action verb.
        3. An indirect object (IO) answers “to whom” or “to what” after the verb. The IO always appears between the verb and the DO.
      2. Linking verbs may be completed by a predicate nominative or a predicate adjective.
        1. Ex/ Mr. O’Leary is the principal.
        2. Ex/ Mrs. Bibbo seems nice.
      3. A predicate nominative (PN) is a noun or pronoun that describes the subject.
      4. A predicate adjective (PA) is an adjective that describes the subject.
    4. Class work – Subjects, Verbs, and Complements
      1. Double space. Label S, HV, AV, LV, IO, DO, PA, PN
        1. Horatio may have given his sister a cold.
        2. The medicine for the cold tastes awful.
        3. Jasmine’s mother is a talented doctor.
        4. Anna seems better today.
        5. Perry carefully taught me guitar lessons.
        6. I became a professional singer when I was very young.
        7. On weekends, my wife always feeds me breakfast.
        8. I have grown tired of grammar.
        9. George Washington became the first president of the United States.
        10. Miller, our neighbor, grew tall tomato plants this summer.



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