Monday, October 22nd, 2018...9:13 am

October 17/18

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  1. Literary Criticism Pre-write
    1. A theme is an insight about life or human nature which gives a story meaning.
    2. Themes must …
      1. apply to everyone.
      2. be written in complete sentences.
      3. be written in prose (not metaphors).
      4. connect to the details of the stories.
  1. A theme topic is usually a single word.
  2. Today, you will choose one of the following stories to analyze in a five paragraph essay:
    1. “The Bass, the River, and Sheila Mant” 31
    2. “Harrison Bergeron” 38
    3. “Lamb to the Slaughter” – handout
    4. “Through the Tunnel” – handout
  1. Prompt: Explain how readers can determine themes in a story by examining several elements of that story. For example, you may write about character terms, plot elements, irony, or point of view. Write in a formal voice, and avoid fragments and run-on sentences.
  2. Complete the following outline:
    1. Paragraph One:
      1. What are some theme topics in the story?
      2. Write the story’s name and author. The story’s title is written in quotes.
      3. Write a sentence to explain how readers can discover themes by examining the three elements you chose. (complete sentences)
      4. Write the themes you will explain in the essay (complete sentence).
    2. Paragraph Two:
      1. How does the first element show a theme? (Use two quotes to support)
      2. State the theme. (complete sentences)
  • Paragraph Three
    1. How does the second element show a theme? (Use two quotes to support)
    2. State the theme. (complete sentences)
  1. Paragraph Four
    1. How does the third element show a theme? (Use two quotes to support)
    2. State the theme. (complete sentences)
  2. Paragraph Five
    1. Restate the theme(s) the readers learn from the chosen story. (complete sentences)
    2. How can people benefit from learning the theme(s)? (complete sentences)
  3. Parts of Speech – Conjunctions, Prepositions, and Interjections
    1. A preposition shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to another word in the sentence:

      I parked the car …
      in the lot
      beside the tree
      on the hill

      Commonly used prepositions:
      about, above, across, beside, by, during, except,              from, in, like, of, over, through, under with.

    2. A conjunction joins words, phrases, and clauses:

      Coordinating conjunctions are the most common:
      Think of FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)

      Correlative conjunctions work together as one part of   (either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also)

      Subordinating conjunctions start clauses:
      (after, because, since, unless, when, while)

    3. An interjection shows emotion only:

      wow, ouch, ugh, oops, hey, oh

      Wow! That diamond costs a million dollars.
      The waiter said, “Oops, I forgot your silverware.”

  4. Identify the conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections!
    1. The gym coach emphasized the importance of daily exercise.
    2. Wow! Usain Bolt won the race by two yards!
    3. Marita’s brown dress matches the brown of her eyes.
    4. I waited uneasily in the outer office, and then the principal said, “Sit down!“
    5. The girl said, “Ouch,” when she hit her knee on the desk.
    6. Each dancer improvises steps to the rhythm of the music.
    7. Oops, I forgot to bring some paper and pens
    8. Everyone went to the restaurant, but most did not eat.
    9. Either Mr. Jones or I will teach the class in the courtyard.
    10. We looked around and discovered a small shop around the corner.
    11. Blue is my favorite color, so I ordered a blue sweater.
    12. While I was gardening, I saw a snake under some leaves. Ugh!



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