Thursday, January 11th, 2018...12:39 pm

December 13/14

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  1. Grammar Quiz II
  2. Sentence Structure Notes
    1. A clause is a word group that contains a verb and its subject. It is used as a sentence or part of a sentence.
    2. An independent clause (or main clause) expresses a complete thought and can stand by itself as a sentence.
      1. The cow jumped over the fence.
    3. A dependent clause (or subordinate clause) does not express a complete thought and cannot stand by itself as a sentence.
      1. That it snowed on Thursday.
    4. A dependent clause often begins with a relative pronoun or a subordinating conjunction.
      1. Who was following me.
      2. If I have time.
        1. Relative Pronouns
          1. who, whom, whose, which, that
        2. Subordinating Conjunctions
          1. after, because, if, since, until, when, where, why
        3. There are four sentence structures: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex.
          1. The structure of a sentence is determined by the number of [independent] and (dependent) clauses within it.
        4. A simple sentence contains one independent clause and no subordinate clauses.
          1. [I drove to the theater last night.]
        5. A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses and no subordinate clauses.
      3. [I drove to the theater last night], and [I watched Big Hero 6.]
        1. A complex sentence contains one independent clause and at least one subordinate clause.
          1. [I drove to the theater last night] (since I wanted to watch a movie.)
        2. A compoundcomplex sentence contains at least two independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause.
          1. (Because I was hungry), [I drove to the store], and [I bought groceries.]
        3. Sentence Structure Practice
          1. In the following sentences, label the subjects and verbs, label the clauses, and then label the sentence structure:
            1. The man who taught me guitar showed me how to read music.
            2. The old woman lived in a house beside the giant tree.
            3. Mr. Brown bought a ladder which was ten-feet tall, and then he cleaned his gutters.
            4. We will fly to Barcelona, and we will eat tapas.
            5. Since Jasmine won the lottery, she bought ten cars and two houses.


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