Native Americans

Social Studies Study Guide   First Americans  SOL 2.2 & 2.4

First Americans: is another name for the American Indian Contributions of American Indians:

  • Arts (jewelry, pottery, weaving, carving)
  • Legends and stories
  • Knowledge of the environment
  • Respect for nature
  • Farming of corn and tobacco.
  Regions:  Places that have common (the same) characteristics.  Use the map to locate each group of Indians and their region.

  1. Plains (Sioux Indians)
  2. Southwest (Pueblo)
  3. Eastern Woodlands (Powhatan)
Vocabulary:
Climate:  The kind of weather an area has over a long period of time.
Land:  The shape of the land’s surface.
Environment:  Surroundings
Ways people adapted to their environment:
Culture: the beliefs, customs, and way of life a group of people.
Changes in American Indian Culture

  • American Indian cultures have changed over time.
  • Today, American Indians live and work in Virginia and the United States.
Sioux/Lakota moved around the region to hunt for buffalo.  They used horses for transportation.
Powhatans farmed, fished, hunted, used trees for homes and canoes, and gathered plants for food.
Pueblo farmed the land.  They lived in villages in adobe (clay) houses.
Facts:
The Indians of Virginia are the Powhatans.
The Sioux were nomadic, they traveled around
The Powhatans and Pueblos settled, staying in one place. 
  Climate Land Plant Life
Eastern Woodlands (Powhatan) Mild winters, Hot, humid summers Rivers                    Hills, mountains        Coastland Forests                       Variety of Plant Life
Plains (Sioux) Hot summers  Harsh, cold winters Plains, Prairies, Rolling Hills Grasses
Southwest       ( Pueblo) Hot days   Cold nights  Little rainfall High flatlands Cactus
 

Region

Indians

Homes

Occupation

Transportation

Eastern Woodlands

Powhatan

Wood and bark/reed covering  houses (longhouse)

 

Fishermen   Hunters       Farmers

Walked

Paddled canoes

Plains

Sioux/Lakota

Teepees

Hunters     Horsemen      Warriors

Walked       

      Used horses

Southwest

 Pueblo

Multi-story terraced buildings

FarmersHunters

Walked

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