Famous Americans Review

Famous Americans and Cultural Diversity       History and Social Science S.O.L.s 2.11 & 2.12

People to know:  (SOL 2.11)
George Washington:  He was born on a big farm in Virginia.  He led the fight for freedom from England and helped establish a new country.  Serving as the first president of the United States, he earned the nickname “Father of our Country.”
Abraham Lincoln:  He grew up in a log cabin and farmed the land with his father.  Later he became a lawyer.  His nickname was ‘Honest Abe.”  He was the President of the United States who helped free African American slaves.  The Lincoln Memorial was built in Washington, D.C. to honor him.  We also honor him on Presidents’ Day.
Susan B. Anthony:  Long ago, laws said only men could vote.  She led the struggle to give women equal rights, including the right to vote.  Susan wrote letters and books about women’s rights. In 1920, the laws were changed and women won the right to vote.
Helen Keller:  She was born a healthy child, but when she was very young, she became sick.  The severe fever left her deaf and blind.  With the help of her teacher, Annie Sullivan, Helen overcame her disabilities and worked to help others who were blind and deaf.
Jackie Robinson:   He was the first African American player in the major leagues of baseball.  His actions helped to bring about other opportunities for African Americans.
Martin Luther King, Jr.As an African American minister, he worked for equal rights for all people.  He led peaceful marches and gave speeches.  His most famous speech was given at a march in Washington, D.C. and was referred to as the “I Have a Dream” speech.  To honor his memory and his work, Congress made a national holiday called Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.

Concepts to know: (SOL 2.12)

* People living in the United States who have diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions participate in and contribute to their communities.
* People contribute to their communities by practicing the responsibilities of good citizens.
* While people in our communities have different ethnic and cultural origins, they are united as Americans by common principles and traditions.
* People share the principles of respecting and protecting the rights and property of others, participating in school and community activities, demonstrating self-discipline and self-reliance, and practicing honesty and trustworthiness.

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